The differences in a cyclone and hurricane can be confusing, but with this article you’ll have a much better understanding of the terms. In this article you will learn about what they are, and what makes them different.
What is a Cyclone
A cyclone is a large-scale air mass that rotates around a low-pressure center, clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. Cyclones are characterized by inward spiraling winds that rotate about a zone of low atmospheric pressure. The largest low-pressure systems are polar vortices and extratropical cyclones of the mid-latitudes.
Cyclones often bring heavy rains, strong winds, and rough seas. They may cause widespread damage to coastal areas, particularly if they make landfall. Tropical cyclones typically form over warm ocean waters near the equator and travel toward the coastlines of continents.
What is Hurricane
A hurricane is a tropical cyclone that typically forms in the Atlantic Ocean and typically occurs between June 1 and November 30. A hurricane is characterized by high winds, heavy rain, and a large storm surge. The term “hurricane” is derived from the Spanish word “huracan,” which means “storm.”
A cyclone is a general term for a low-pressure system that typically forms over warm ocean waters. Cyclones can occur anywhere in the world, but they are most common in the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific. Cyclones typically bring high winds and heavy rain.
Difference Between Cyclone And Hurricane
There are two types of large, rotating storms that form over the ocean: cyclones and hurricanes. Both can produce high winds, storm surge, and flooding. But there are key differences between the two.
Cyclones form in the southern hemisphere, while hurricanes form in the northern hemisphere. Cyclones rotate counterclockwise, while hurricanes rotate clockwise. And cyclones typically form over cooler waters, while hurricanes form over warm waters.
The main difference between cyclones and hurricanes is their wind speed. Cyclones have winds that range from 74 to 95 miles per hour, while hurricane winds can reach speeds of 157 miles per hour or higher.
When a cyclone reaches land, it can often weaken and dissipate quickly. Hurricanes, on the other hand, can maintain their intensity as they move over land.
So, to recap: cyclones are large storms that rotate counterclockwise and form in the southern hemisphere over cooler waters. Hurricanes are large storms that rotate clockwise and form in the northern hemisphere over warm waters. The main difference between the two is their wind speed; cyclones have lower wind speeds than hurricanes.